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HISTORIC HUTS IN THE ANTARCTIC FROM THE HEROIC AGE

 R. K. Headland,                                                                                                  30 November 2009 

 

Existing huts (7)

Location

Winter year

  (personnel)

Expedition (year) vessel

  (winter complement)

Winter leader

Maintained by

Cape Adare

1899 (10)

British Antarctic Expedition

    (1898-1900) Southern Cross

Carsten Borchgrevink

Antarctic Heritage Trust N.Z.

 

Hut Point, Ross Island

1902,

1903

British National Antarctic

    Expedition (1901-04) Discovery

    (45 in 1902, 37 in 1903)

Robert Scott

    ··

Antarctic Heritage Trust N.Z.

 

 

 

1916 (3)

lmperial Trans-Antarctic

    Expedition (1914-17) Aurora

Not designated

 

 

 

Snow Hill Island

1902 (6), 1903 (6)

Swedish South Polar Expedition

    (1901-03) Antarctic

Otto Nordenskjöld

    ··

Instituto Antártico Argentino

 

Laurie Island, South Orkney Islands

1905 (5) – present

Oficina Meteorológica Argentina

    (1904-05) Uruguay

Otto Diebel and subsequent leaders

Instituto Antártico Argentino

 

Cape Royds, Ross Island

1908 (15)

British Antarctic Expedition

    (1907-09) Nimrod

Ernest Shackleton

Antarctic Heritage Trust N.Z.

 

Cape Evans, Ross Island

1911 (25)

1912 (13)

British Antarctic Expedition.

    (1910-13) Terra Nova

 

Robert Scott

Edward Atkinson

 

Antarctic Heritage Trust N.Z.

 

1915 (10)

1916 (4)

Imperial Trans-Antarctic

    Expedition (1914-17) Aurora

Æneas Mackintosh

Not designated

 

 

 

Commonwealth Bay

1912 (18)

1913 (7)

Australasian Antarctic Expedition

    (1911-14) Aurora

Douglas Mawson

    ··

Mawson's Hut Foundation and

Australian Antarctic Division

 

 

Ruins (roofless) (4)

Paulet Island

1903 (20)

Swedish South Polar Expedition

    (1901-03) Antarctic

Carl Anton Larsen

Instituto Antártico Argentino

 

Hope Bay

1903 (3)

Swedish South Polar Expedition

    (1901-03) Antarctic

Gunnar Andersson

Instituto Antártico Argentino

 

Laurie Island, South Orkney Islands

1903

 

 

1904 (5)

Scottish National Antarctic

    Expedition (1902-04) Scotia

    (33 in 1903)

Oficina Meteorológica Argentina

    (1904-05) Scotia

William Bruce

 

 

Robert Mossman

Instituto Antártico Argentino

 

 

 

 

Cape Adare

1911 (6)

British Antarctic Expedition

    (1910-13) Terra Nova

Victor Campbell

Antarctic Heritage Trust N.Z.

 

               

 

Sites where huts were deployed but where they no longer exist (10)

 

Reason for loss

Iles Kerguelen

1902 (5)

German South Polar Expedition

    (1901-03) Gauss

Emil Werth

Dilapidation

 

 

Booth Island

1904

French Antarctic Expedition

    (1903-05) Français (20)

Jean Charcot

Dilapidation

 

 

King Edward Point, South Georgia

1907 (1) – 1955

Norwegian whalers

    (Grytviken transport vessels)

Erik Nordenhaag (meteorologist) and later ones

Demolition in 1974 by British Antarctic Survey

 

Petermann Island

1909

French Antarctic Expedition

    (1908-10) Porquoi Pas ? (30)

Jean Charcot

Dilapidation

 

 

Bay of Whales

1911 (9)

Norwegian Antarctic Expedition

    (1910-12) Fram

Roald Amundsen

Calving of the lce Shelf

 

Inexpressible Island

1912 (6)

British Antarctic Expedition

    (1910-13) Terra Nova

Victor Campbell

Ablation and melting

 

 

Shackleton lce Shelf

1912 (8)

Australasian Antarctic Expedition

    (1911-14) Aurora

Frank Wild

Calving of the lce Shelf

 

Macquarie Island

1912 (5)

1913 (5)

Australasian Antarctic Expedition

    (1911-14) Aurora

George Ainsworth

    ··

Demolition in 1948 by Australian

 

1914 (3)

1915 (3)

Commonwealth Meteorological

    Expedition (1914-16) Endeavour

Harold Power

Arthur Tulloch

National Antarctic Research Expedition

 

Point Wild, Elephant Island

1916 (22)

Imperial Trans-Antarctic

    Expedition (1914-16), two boats

    from Endurance

Frank Wild

Overwhelmed by sea

 

 

 

Waterboat Point

1921 (2)

British Expedition to Graham Land

    (1920-22) Svend Foyn

Thomas Bagshawe

Dilapidation

 

 

Winter personnel numbers for huts are given where they were independent, or as complements of vessels where one wintered in the vicinity of a hut.

Huts, castaway depots, and similar structures, which were built by whalers, sealers, and others during this period, were also on South Georgia, South Shetland Islands, South Orkney Islands, Prince Edward Islands, Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, Macquarie Island, Campbell Island, and Auckland Islands.  Several of these islands also had sealers’ refuges and abandoned observatories from earlier expeditions.
 

International Polar Heritage Committee
President - Julian Bickersteth, International Conservation Services
53 Victoria Ave, Chatswood, Sydney, NSW 2067
Australia
Phone: +61 (02) 9417 3311

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