Analysis of timber weathering and wind velocity at Cape Adare with comments on other historic sites in Antarctica. (David L. Harrowfield)
This paper was kindly provided by Polar Record for reproduction on this website. The paper was first published in Polar Record 42 (223) in 2006.
There are three wooden historic huts at Cape Adare. Two are the first permanent structures erected in Antarctica for human habitation and were occupied in 1899 by the British Antarctic Expedition (1898–1900) led by C.E. Borchgrevink. The third hut was built in 1911 by the northern party of R.F. Scott’s British Antarctic Expedition (1910–13) led by V.L.A. Campbell.
The paper has four primary objectives :
1. to present for the first time, an important record of timber weathering on the first buildings erected in Antarctica, over 100 years ago;
2. to examine the processes to which theweathering can be attributed;
3. to identify sources of sediment believed responsible for the weathering including ‘sand-blasting’, splitting and bruising;
4. to relate observed damage to the unusual wind regime. The only comprehensive meteorological records for wind available for Cape Adare, are those collected by the two expeditions that spent the winter at that location in 1899 and 1911.
The IPHC is indebted to the author, David Harrowfield and Polar Record for making this report available.
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David Harrowfield paper for Polar record